By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Celiac disease is a disease which occurs in small intestine. It is an immune reaction to eating gluten. Therefore it is an autoimmune disorder. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. It is the substance contained in these foods which makes the dough elastic and gives the bread its chewy taste.
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The immune reaction damages the inner lining of small intestine and prevents it from absorbing nutrients. This is called malabsorption. Due to the intestinal damage, diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, bloating and anemia occur. This can lead to serious complications.
When malabsorption occurs in children it hampers growth and development. The symptoms mentioned above are also present.
Other names of Celiac disease –