By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Splenomegaly is a condition in which there is enlargement of spleen, an abdominal organ located in the left upper portion of your abdomen, below the ribcage. This condition is explained in Ayurveda treatises in the name of Plihodara.
Pleehodara, according to Ayurveda is one among the eight types of Udara Roga i.e. abdominal enlargement. When spleen enlarges beyond normal dimensions, it presents as an abdominal enlargement. Pliha means spleen. Udara means abdomen. Therefore Plihodara means enlargement of spleen in the abdomen causing its enlargement. It is often called as just Pliha.
Read – Charaka Udara Roga Chikitsa – 13th Chapter
If the word Pliha is used in the context of explanation of disease it means ‘enlargement of spleen’. Else, the word just means the ‘organ spleen’.